Highly selective and fast diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease hallmark lesions using Congo Red in isopropyl alcoholic solution.

Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD

PubMedID: 23455992

Navarro A, del Valle E, Mártínez E, Ordóñez C, Pérez C, Tolivia J. Highly selective and fast diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease hallmark lesions using Congo Red in isopropyl alcoholic solution. J Alzheimers Dis. 2013;35(3):589-97.
A highly selective, rapid, inexpensive, simple, and immunocytochemical compatible fluorescence staining method for Alzheimer's disease hallmark lesions applicable to sections of human specimens embedded in paraffin is described. Human necropsy material was fixed in buffered formalin, sectioned at 10 µm, mounted on slides, deparaffinized, and partially hydrated (70% ethanol). After partial hydration, sections were stained for 10 min in a solution of 0.2% Congo red in 70% isopropanol. After washing in 70% isopropanol and rehydration, auto-fluorescence of sections were quenched (optional) and processed for immunocytochemistry (optional). Finally, sections were mounted in an adequate mounting medium. Amyloid deposits appear pink at light microscopy and all Alzheimer's disease hallmark lesions appear orange or red under fluorescence microscopy using blue or green exciting light, respectively. The present method can be used in combination with all pre- or post-immunocytochemical techniques.