Schistosoma mansoni: activation of hemolytic activity in homogenates from live adult worms.

Experimental parasitology

PubMedID: 3096771

Kasschau MR, Robinson DC, Dreden MH. Schistosoma mansoni: activation of hemolytic activity in homogenates from live adult worms. Exp Parasitol. 1986;62(3):442-9.
We have previously described hemolytic activity in extracts of lyophilized Schistosoma mansoni adult worms. In contrast, freshly homogenized live worms have little hemolytic activity. However, preincubation of the homogenate at 38 C, pH 5.1 for 22 hr resulted in an 18 fold increase in specific activity (Hb released/mg protein) due to dramatic increases in hemolytic activity and decreases in protein concentration. No activation occurred when the homogenate was boiled prior to preincubation or when preincubation was performed at 4 C. In addition, a thermostable inhibitor of hemolytic activity is present in freshly homogenized live adult S. mansoni. Hydrolysis of the inhibitor and activation of the hemolytic agent appear to be due in part to hydrolytic activity of one or more cysteinyl proteinases.