The break-down of 131-I-gamma-globulin in the digestive tract of the new-born pig.

The Journal of physiology

PubMedID: 4187871

Hardy RN. The break-down of 131-I-gamma-globulin in the digestive tract of the new-born pig. J Physiol (Lond). 1969;205(2):435-51.
1. The intestinal absorption of [(131)I]porcine and bovine serum gamma-globulin after oral administration has been investigated in conscious pigs less than 20 hr old. Absorption was measured by the concentration of (131)I in venous blood during the 6 hr after feeding and also by the distribution of (131)I between homogenates of the alimentary tract and the rest of the animal at the end of the experiment.2. The concentration of (131)I in the blood was always low after feeding [(131)I]gamma-globulin, although a large proportion of the isotope fed was found to have left the alimentary tract. This indicated that much of the [(131)I]-gamma-globulin had been hydrolysed into fragments of low mol.wt. which were not retained in the plasma. There were no significant differences between results obtained with homologous and heterologous gamma-globulin.3. Examination by gel-filtration confirmed that, after feeding [(131)I]-serum gamma-globulin, much of the (131)I in the plasma was associated with material of mol.wt. less than 12,400 and demonstrated that the break-down of bovine gamma-globulin was comparable with that of homologous gamma-globulin.4. Comparison of the absorption of [(131)I]serum gamma-globulin from colostrum with that from a chloride solution with a similar Na(+) and K(+) concentration showed that, although the blood concentration remained low, colostrum reduced the hydrolysis of the labelled protein.5. This effect of colostrum could be simulated by the addition to the chloride solution of either the synthetic trypsin inhibitor Trasylol or a higher concentration of unlabelled protein.6. Gel-filtration of samples of the contents of the stomach, duodenum and terminal ileum after feeding [(131)I]serum gamma-globulin showed that proteolysis occurred at all these sites.