Incidence and prediction of pressure ulcers in five patient care settings.

Decubitus

PubMedID: 1872975

Langemo DK, Olson B, Hunter S, Hanson D, Burd C, Cathcart-Silberberg T. Incidence and prediction of pressure ulcers in five patient care settings. Decubitus. 1991;4(3):25-6, 28, 30 passim.
Pressure ulcers (PU), one example of an alteration in skin integrity, remain a prominent healthcare concern in all patient care settings. Incidence refers to the number of "new cases occurring over a given time period" (NPUAP, 1989, p. 26). Adult patients (n = 190) in five patient care settings who were assessed to be free of PUs on admission were followed over a specified period of time to assess the incidence of pressure ulcer development for each setting. Subjects each had a skin assessment, along with a risk assessment utilizing the Braden Scale. A demographic data form was also completed on each subject. Pressure ulcers developed post-admission in 18 (9%) patients, 11 of whom were acute care patients and eight of whom were patients in skilled care. No patients developed pressure ulcers in the rehabilitation, home care, or hospice settings. Incidence for acute care was 15% and 28% in skilled care. Braden predictor scores were also recommended for each setting and factors associated with pressure ulcer development were discussed.