Relationship between effects on nucleic acid synthesis in cell cultures and cytotoxicity of 4-demethoxy derivatives of daunorubicin and adriamycin.

Cancer Research

PubMedID: 922737

Supino R, Necco A, Dasdia T, Casazza AM, Di Marco A. Relationship between effects on nucleic acid synthesis in cell cultures and cytotoxicity of 4-demethoxy derivatives of daunorubicin and adriamycin. Cancer Res. 1977;37(12):4523-8.
Four new derivatives of daunorubicin and two new derivatives of Adriamycin characterized by the absence of the methoxyl groups at the C-4 position have been studied in cell cultures in vitro to establish structure-activity relationships. 4-Demethoxydaunorubicin was 27 to 100 times more active than was daunorubicin when inhibiting the cloning efficiency of exponential-phase HeLa cells and, like daunorubicin, was slightly active on early plateau-phase cells. DNA synthesis in mouse embryo fibroblasts stimulated by fetal calf serum was inhibited equally by the two compounds, although 4-Demethoxydaunorubicin was slightly more active than was daunorubicin when inhibiting RNA synthesis. The beta anomer of 4-demethoxydaunorubicin showed a reduced activity on HeLa cells compared to its alpha anomer, but it was equally active on DNA synthesis. The stereoisomers of 4-demethoxydaunorubicin bearing the inverted configuration in positions 7 and 9 were devoid of significant cytotoxic activity and were only slightly active on DNA synthesis at the doses tested. 4-demethoxyadriamycin and 4-demethoxy-4'-epi-adriamycin were 65 to 500 times more active than was Adriamycin on HeLa cell cloning efficiency and about 10 times more active on DNA synthesis in mouse embryo fibroblasts. Cell uptake in mouse embryo fibroblasts was also investigated for all the new derivatives tested.