Evaluation of factors in high risk neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis.

Journal of pediatric surgery

PubMedID: 3112356

McCormack CJ, Emmens RW, Putnam TC. Evaluation of factors in high risk neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr Surg. 1987;22(6):488-91.
Fifty-four neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) were separated on basis of outcome. Of 35 factors compared between a high-risk and a low-risk group, only six were found to be statistically significant and useful in the development of a NEC score: number of days before beginning enteral feedings; blood pH; serum bicarbonate concentration; white blood cell differential; abdominal tenderness; and presence of portal vein gas. All laboratory values and physical and radiographic findings were from the initial presentation of NEC. Neonates with a score of 3 or more are at an increased risk of developing severe NEC with a greater than 50% mortality. The study suggests that enteral feedings should be withheld from neonates at risk of developing NEC for the first 12 days of life.