A novel oxaliplatin derivative, Ht-2, triggers mitochondrion-dependent apoptosis in human colon cancer cells.

Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death

PubMedID: 25307448

Xing Y, Bao W, Fan X, Liu K, Li X, Xi T. A novel oxaliplatin derivative, Ht-2, triggers mitochondrion-dependent apoptosis in human colon cancer cells. Apoptosis. 2014;.
Ht-2 is a novel oxaliplatin derivative previously identified in a compound screen performed by our laboratory. In the present study, we evaluated the antitumor effects of Ht-2 and investigated its underlying mechanism of action. Ht-2 exhibited anti-tumor activity and demonstrated low cytotoxicity in normal cells in vitro. The IC50 of Ht-2 was 2-10-fold lower than oxaliplatin in all of the cancer cell lines tested except MCF-7 cells, whereas, the value was threefold higher than cisplatin or oxaliplatin in normal HUVEC cells. Further studies indicated that Ht-2 caused S-phase arrest and led to apoptosis in HCT-116 cells through the activation of the caspase cascade. Moreover, Ht-2 treatment contributed to increased mitochondrial permeability by altering the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and consequently induced mitochondrial dysfunction, mitochondrial membrane potential depletion, reactive oxygen species (ROS) elevation and cytochrome C release in HCT-116 cells. The cellular antioxidative superoxide dismutase 1 protein was also downregulated. We demonstrated that the cytotoxicity was almost completely recovered by antioxidant treatment, indicating a crucial role of ROS for Ht-2-induced apoptosis. Collectively, our data suggest that Ht-2 can target tumor cells by inducing mitochondrion-dependent apoptosis.