The Quiet Eye Without a Target: The Primacy of Visual Information Processing.

Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance

PubMedID: 25314047

Klostermann A, Kredel R, Hossner EJ. The Quiet Eye Without a Target: The Primacy of Visual Information Processing. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2014;.
Motor-performance-enhancing effects of long final fixations before movement initiation-a phenomenon called quiet eye (QE)-have repeatedly been demonstrated. Drawing on the information-processing framework, it is assumed that the QE supports information processing revealed by the close link between QE duration and task demands concerning, in particular, response selection and movement parameterization. However, the question remains whether the suggested mechanism also holds for processes referring to stimulus identification. Thus, in a series of 2 experiments, performance in a targeting task was tested as a function of experimentally manipulated visual processing demands as well as experimentally manipulated QE durations. The results support the suggested link because a performance-enhancing QE effect was found under increased visual processing demands only: Whereas QE duration did not affect performance as long as positional information was preserved (Experiment 1), in the full versus no target visibility comparison, QE efficiency turned out to depend on information processing time as soon as the interval falls below a certain threshold (Experiment 2). Thus, the results rather contradict alternative, for example, posture-based explanations of QE effects and support the assumption that the crucial mechanism behind the QE phenomenon is rooted in the cognitive domain. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).