Alternative procedures for the cryopreservation of brown bear ejaculates depending on the flexibility of the "in cooling" period (5 °C).

Cryobiology

PubMedID: 25315224

López-Urueña E, Alvarez M, Gomez-Alves S, Manrique P, Anel-López L, Chamorro CA, Borragan S, de Paz P, Anel L. Alternative procedures for the cryopreservation of brown bear ejaculates depending on the flexibility of the "in cooling" period (5 °C). Cryobiology. 2014;.
The adaptability of cryopreservation protocols for brown bear spermatozoa collected under field conditions and frozen in a nearby laboratory (transported for a few hours) or shipped to a reference laboratory for sex sorting (transported for a few days) was evaluated. Forty-nine electroejaculates from 15 mature brown bears were extended to 100x10(6) sperm/mL in a TES-Tris-Fructose based extender and cryopreserved (-20 °C/min to -100 °C and stored at -196 °C). After thawing, the quality of the seminal samples was assessed for total (TM), progressive (PM) motility and kinetic parameters -by CASA-, and viability (VIAB), viable and non-apoptotic status (YOPRO-), high membrane mitochondrial potential (MIT) and intact acrosomes (iACR) -by flow cytometry-. In Experiment 1, we assessed different storage times (0, 0.5, 1, -control-, 4-5, 7-8 and 11-12h) at 5 °C from final dilution to freezing. After thawing, non-equilibrated samples (0 h) showed lower values of iACR, TM and PM. No significant differences were found for the different periods of equilibration tested. In Experiment 2, we evaluated three long-term storage times (24, 48 and 72 h) at 5 °C before freezing using storage for 1 h as control. The post-thawing quality of brown bear spermatozoa declined markedly after 48-72 h of pre-freezing. In conclusion, our findings suggest the possibility of extending the pre-freezing cooling period up to 24 h post-collection without freezing. This knowledge should enable the adaptation of the freezing protocols for when a special handling conditions are required such as the shipment of seminal samples to technological centers for the pre-freezing application of enhancer spermatic biotechnologies.