Immunosuppression with Tacrolimus Improved Reproductive Outcome of Women with Repeated Implantation Failure and Elevated Peripheral Blood Th1/Th2 Cell Ratios.

American journal of reproductive immunology (New York, N.Y. : 1989)

PubMedID: 25394810

Nakagawa K, Kwak-Kim J, Ota K, Kuroda K, Hisano M, Sugiyama R, Yamaguchi K. Immunosuppression with Tacrolimus Improved Reproductive Outcome of Women with Repeated Implantation Failure and Elevated Peripheral Blood Th1/Th2 Cell Ratios. Am J Reprod Immunol. 2014;.
PROBLEM
We evaluated the clinical efficacy of immunosuppressive treatment with tacrolimus for repeated implantation failure (RIF) patients who have elevated in T helper (Th1)/Th2 cytokine producing cell ratios.

METHOD OF STUDY
This was a prospective cohort study of treatment for RIF patients (n = 42) with elevated peripheral blood Th1 (CD4(+) /IFN-?(+) )/Th2 (CD4(+) /IL-4(+) ) cell ratios at the Sugiyama clinic between November 2011 and October 2013. Twenty-five patients were treated with tacrolimus (treatment group) and 17 received no treatment (control group). Treatment group received tacrolimus 2 days before embryo transfer and continued until the day of the pregnancy test, for a total of 16 days. The daily dose of tacrolimus (1-3 mg) was determined based on the degree of the Th1/Th2 cell ratio.

RESULTS
The clinical pregnancy rate of the treatment group was 64.0%, which was significantly higher than that of the control group (0%) (P < 0.0001). In the treatment group, the miscarriage rate was 6.3%, the live birthrate was 60.0% (P < 0.0001). There was no significant side-effect from tacrolimus in treatment group. No one developed obstetrical complications during pregnancy.

CONCLUSION
An immunosuppressive treatment using tacrolimus improved pregnancy outcome of repeated implantation failure patients with elevated Th1/Th2 ratios.