Micro-RNA 21Targets Dual Specific Phosphatase 8 to Promote Collagen Synthesis in High Glucose-Treated Primary Cardiac Fibroblasts.

The Canadian journal of cardiology

PubMedID: 25418215

Liu S, Li W, Xu M, Huang H, Wang J, Chen X. Micro-RNA 21Targets Dual Specific Phosphatase 8 to Promote Collagen Synthesis in High Glucose-Treated Primary Cardiac Fibroblasts. Can J Cardiol. 2014;.
BACKGROUND
Micro-RNA 21 (miR-21) has been shown to contribute to cardiac fibrosis in many diseases. In this study we investigated the roleĀ of miR-21 in excessive production of collagen in diabetic cardiomyopathy.

METHODS
The proliferation rate of cardiac fibroblasts was analyzed by Western blot, Cell Counting Kit-8 kit (Dojindo Molecular Technologies, Kumamoto, Japan), and Cell-Light EdU Apollo 488 In Vitro Imaging Kit (RiboBio, Guangzhou, China). Real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were conducted to determine gene expression levels. A luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the interaction between miR-21 and the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of dual specific phosphatase 8 (DUSP8).

RESULTS
Our results show that high glucose promoted the proliferation and collagen synthesis of rat cardiac fibroblasts, which was accompanied by an increase of miR-21. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function assays confirmed that miR-21 mediated this effect, suggesting the crucial role of miR-21 in diabetic cardiomyopathy. Our study also identified a direct target of miR-21, DUSP8, which regulates cell proliferation and collagen synthesis in cardiac fibroblasts through p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/stress-activated kinase (SAPK) signalling. Our results show that miR-21 bound to the 3'UTR of DUSP8 post-transcriptionally repressed its expression. In addition, enforced expression of miR-21 activated the JNK/SAPK and p38 signalling pathways.

CONCLUSIONS
Our study shows that miR-21 promotes high glucose-induced cardiac fibrosis through the JNK/SAPK and p38 signalling pathways by suppressing DUSP8 expression.