Contraceptive Choices Pre and Post Pregnancy in Adolescence.

Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology

PubMedID: 25444052

Correia L, Martins I, Oliveira N, Antunes I, Palma F, Alves MJ. Contraceptive Choices Pre and Post Pregnancy in Adolescence. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2014;.
The main aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of adolescent pregnancy in the future contraceptive choices. A secondary aim is to verify whether these choices differ from those made after an abortion.

Retrospective study.

Adolescent Unit of a tertiary care center.

212 pregnant teenagers.

Medical records review.

Intended pregnancy rate and contraceptive methods used before and after pregnancy. For contraceptive choices after pregnancy we considered: Group 1 - teenagers who continued their pregnancy to delivery (n = 106) and Group 2 - the same number of adolescents who chose to terminate their pregnancy.

The intended pregnancy rate was 14.2%. Prior to a pregnancy continued to delivery, the most widely used contraceptive method was the male condom (50.9%), followed by oral combined contraceptives (28.3%); 18.9% of adolescents were not using any contraceptive method. After pregnancy, contraceptive implant was chosen by 70.8% of subjects (P < .001) and the oral combined contraceptives remained the second most frequent option (17.9%, P = .058). Comparing these results with Group 2, we found that the outcome of the pregnancy was the main factor in the choices that were made. Thus, after a pregnancy continued to delivery, adolescents prefer the use of LARC [78.4% vs 40.5%, OR: 5,958 - 95% (2.914-12.181), P < .001)], especially contraceptive implants [70.8% vs 38.7%, OR: 4.371 - 95% (2.224-8.591), P < .001], to oral combined contraceptives [17.9% vs 57.5%, OR: 0.118 - 95% CI (0.054-0.258), P < .001].

Adolescent pregnancy and its outcome constitute a factor of change in future contraceptive choice.