Polycomb chromobox (Cbx) 7 modulates activation-induced CD4(+) T cell apoptosis.

Archives of biochemistry and biophysics

PubMedID: 25449062

Li J, Li Y, Cao Y, Yuan M, Gao Z, Guo X, Zhu F, Wang Y, Xu J. Polycomb chromobox (Cbx) 7 modulates activation-induced CD4(+) T cell apoptosis. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2014;564C184-188.
CD4(+) T cell polarization plays a critical role in a number of immune disorders; the pathogenesis is unclear. Chromobox homolog 7 (Cbx7) is involved in the gene transcription of several cell types. This study aims to investigate the mechanism by which Cbx7 modulates the CD4(+) T cell polarization. Expression of Cbx7 was assessed by quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting. Apoptosis of CD4(+) T cell was analyzed by flow cytometry. The FasL promoter methylation was evaluated by the methylation specific PCR. The results showed that CD4(+) CD25(-) T cells express Cbx7 that was increased significantly after activation by exposing to anti-CD3/CD28 Ab, but suppressed by exposing to specific antigens. More apoptotic cells were detected in CD4(+) T cells with the Cbx7 gene knockdown. Exposure to insulin-like growth factor-1 up regulated the expression of Cbx7 in CD4(+) T cells. After antigen-specific TCR activation, Cbx7-deficient CD4(+) T cells expressed more FasL and showed the FasL gene promoter hyper demethylation than wild CD4(+) T cells. In addition, CD4(+) T cells with overexpression of Cbx7 showed lower levels of FasL gene promoter demethylation. We conclude that CD4(+) T cells express Cbx7; the latter prevents FasL expression and the activation-induced CD4(+) T cell apoptosis.