Synthesis and biological evaluation of norcantharidin derivatives as protein phosphatase-1 inhibitors.

Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters

PubMedID: 25466711

Zhao J, Guan XW, Chen SW, Hui L. Synthesis and biological evaluation of norcantharidin derivatives as protein phosphatase-1 inhibitors. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2014;.
Cantharidin and norcantharidin display anticancer activity against a broad range of tumor cell lines. In this study, we have synthesized a series of norcantharidin derivatives and evaluated their cytotoxic effects on four human tumor cell lines together with the genetically normal human diploid fibroblast line WI-38. One of our compounds (1S,4R)-3-((4-(4-(4-fluorophenyl)piperazin-1-ylsulfonyl) phenyl)carbamoyl)-7-oxa-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2-carboxylic acid (12) exhibited potent cytotoxic effects on the tumor cell lines A-549, HepG2, HeLa, and HCT-8, whereas it was less toxic to WI-38 cells than its parent compound, norcantharidin. In addition, this compound inhibited protein phosphatase-1 activity and microtubule formation in HeLa cells, and it also interacts with calf thymus DNA.