Alkaline pretreatment and the synergic effect of water and tetralin enhances the liquefaction efficiency of bagasse.

Bioresource technology

PubMedID: 25485736

Li Z, Cao J, Huang K, Hong Y, Li C, Zhou X, Xie N, Lai F, Shen F, Chen C. Alkaline pretreatment and the synergic effect of water and tetralin enhances the liquefaction efficiency of bagasse. Bioresour Technol. 2014;177C159-168.
Bagasse liquefaction (BL) in water, tetralin, and water/tetralin mixed solvents (WTMS) was investigated, and effects of tetralin content in WTMS, temperature, and alkaline pretreatment of bagasse on liquefaction efficiency were studied. At 300°C, bagasse conversion in WTMS with tetralin content higher than 50wt% was 86-87wt%, whereas bagasse conversion in water or tetralin was 67wt% or 84wt%, respectively. Because the solid conversion from liquefaction in WTMS with tetralin content higher than 50wt% was always higher than that in water or tetralin at temperatures between 250 and 300°C, a synergic effect between water and tetralin is suggested. Alkaline pretreatment of bagasse resulted in significantly higher conversion and heavy oil yield from BL in water or WTMS. The effect of deoxygenation by the present liquefaction method is demonstrated by lower oxygen contents (16.01-19.59wt%) and higher heating values (31.9-34.8MJ/kg) in the produced oils.