[Carnitine as a marker of atherosclerosis and oher risks of cardiovascular diseases].

Kardiologiia

PubMedID: 25508248

L-carnitine was first isolated from the extracts of muscle tissue in 1905 by the employees of the department of medicinal chemistry at Moscow University. Later the role of L-carnitine in both the oxidation of long chain fatty acids and the metabolism of carbohydrates was discovered. Today L-carnitine is not just a drug for the treatment of pathologies associated with its deficiency, but also a widespread dietary supplement, believed to be able to reduce weight and improve the physical qualities of a person. However, in light of the recent findings about a possible link between L-carnitine and the development of atherosclerosis, a careful assessment of the use of L-carnitine as a safe dietary supplement is required, particularly when there is no sound medical indication.