Predictors of mortality and poor functional outcome in severe spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: A prospective observational study.

Medicina intensiva / Sociedad Espanola de Medicina Intensiva y Unidades Coronarias

PubMedID: 25499725

Ferrete-Araujo AM, Egea-Guerrero JJ, Vilches-Arenas A, Godoy DA, Murillo-Cabezas F. Predictors of mortality and poor functional outcome in severe spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: A prospective observational study. Med Intensiva. 2014;.
OBJECTIVE
To analyze mortality and functional outcome in patients with severe spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and identify the clinical characteristics, radiological findings and therapeutic procedures predictive of mortality in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and during hospitalization, as well as of poor functional results at 6 months.

DESIGN
A prospective, observational study was carried out.

SETTING
Neurocritical Care Unit of a university hospital.

PATIENTS
Patients diagnosed with ICH were included over a period of 23 months.

VARIABLES OF INTEREST
Demographic characteristics, cardiovascular risk factors, regular medication, laboratory test parameters, cranial CT findings, therapeutic procedures and outcome data.

INTERVENTION
None.

RESULTS
A total of 186 patients with ICH met the inclusion criteria. Surgery to evacuate ICH was performed in 25.8% of the patients. The mortality rate was 46.7%. The modified Rankin score at 6 months was 5 (RI: 4.6). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed the presence of diabetes, prior anticoagulation, as well as APACHE II severity and the type of bleeding on the cranial CT scan to be predictors of mortality and poor functional outcomes. On the other hand, neurosurgical procedures and intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring were associated with better outcomes.

CONCLUSION
The presence of comorbidities such as diabetes, or previous anticoagulation, as well as the CT findings were associated to poorer outcomes. In contrast, ICP monitoring and early neurosurgery were predictive of longer survival and better functional outcomes.