Long noncoding RNA MALAT1 promotes aggressive renal cell carcinoma through Ezh2 and interacts with miR-205.

Cancer Research

PubMedID: 25600645

Hirata H, Hinoda Y, Shahryari V, Deng G, Nakajima K, Tabatabai ZL, Ishii N, Dahiya R. Long noncoding RNA MALAT1 promotes aggressive renal cell carcinoma through Ezh2 and interacts with miR-205. Cancer Res. 2015;75(7):1322-31.
Recently long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) have emerged as new gene regulators and prognostic markers in several cancers including renal cell carcinoma (RCC). In this study, we investigated the contributions of the lncRNA MALAT1 in RCC with a specific focus on its transcriptional regulation and its interactions with Ezh2 and miR-205. We found that MALAT1 expression was higher in human RCC tissues where it was associated with reduced patient survival. MALAT1 silencing decreased RCC cell proliferation and invasion and increased apoptosis. Mechanistic investigations showed that MALAT1 was transcriptionally activated by c-Fos and that it interacted with Ezh2. After MALAT1 silencing, E-cadherin expression was increased while beta-catenin expression was decreased through Ezh2. Reciprocal interaction between MALAT1 and miR-205 was also observed. Lastly, MALAT1 bound Ezh2 and oncogenesis facilitated by MALAT1 was inhibited by Ezh2 depletion, thereby blocking epithelial-mesenchyme transition via E-cadherin recovery and beta-catenin downregulation. Overall, our findings illuminate how overexpression of MALAT1 confers an oncogenic function in RCC that may offer a novel theranostic marker in this disease.