Design, characterization and preliminary in vitro evaluation of a mucoadhesive polymer based on modified pectin and acrylic monomers with potential use as a pharmaceutical excipient.

Carbohydrate polymers

PubMedID: 25659712

Villanova JC, Ayres E, Oréfice RL. Design, characterization and preliminary in vitro evaluation of a mucoadhesive polymer based on modified pectin and acrylic monomers with potential use as a pharmaceutical excipient. Carbohydr Polym. 2015;121372-81.
Bio-based polymers have been reported to have applications in biomedical and pharmaceutical areas. Polysaccharides, especially prepared from plant sources, have served a variety of uses. This work aims to prepare a polymer for use as a pharmaceutical excipient containing a functionalized carbohydrate (pectin) and acrylic monomers (methyl methacrylate, butyl methacrylate and ethyl acrylate) via an emulsion polymerization technique. Carbon double bonds were incorporated into the pectin by reacting this natural polymer with glycidyl methacrylate. The methacrylated pectin was then polymerized with acrylic monomers by emulsion polymerization. The mucoadhesive performance of the materials was investigated by in vitro preliminary assays based on viscometric studies, texture analysis and film wettability. The obtained results showed that the synergistic viscosity increase with greater concentrations of modified pectin. The contact angle decreased, suggesting an increase in the wettability for polymers with large amounts of methacrylated pectin. The addition of mucin in lattices caused an increase in the intermolecular forces and in the work of adhesion. This corroborates the use of pectin as a mucoadhesive excipient for mucoadhesive drug delivery systems.