Adsorption of uranium by amidoximated chitosan-grafted polyacrylonitrile, using response surface methodology.

Carbohydrate polymers

PubMedID: 25659674

Xu C, Wang J, Yang T, Chen X, Liu X, Ding X. Adsorption of uranium by amidoximated chitosan-grafted polyacrylonitrile, using response surface methodology. Carbohydr Polym. 2015;12179-85.
The amidoximated chitosan-grafted polyacrylonitrile (CTS-g-PAO) was prepared for the adsorption of uranium from water. The effects of pH, concentration of uranium and the solid-liquid ratio on the adsorption of uranium by CTS-g-PAO were optimized using Doehlert design of response surface methodology (RSM). The adsorption capacity and removal efficiency achieved 312.06mg/g and 86.02%, respectively. The adsorption process attained equilibrium only in 120min. More than 80% of the absorbed uranium could be desorbed by 0.1mol/l HCl or EDTA-Na, and CTS-g-PAO could be reused at least 3 times. The CTS-g-PAO and U(VI) ions formed a chelate complex due to FTIR spectral analysis. The surface morphology of CTS-g-PAO was also investigated by SEM. The adsorption process was better described by Langmuir isotherm and pseudo second order kinetic model. Results obtained indicated that CTS-g-PAO was very promising in adsorption of uranium from water.