Multi-frequency simultaneous measurement of bioimpedance spectroscopy based on a low crest factor multisine excitation.

Physiological measurement

PubMedID: 25679488

Yang Y, Zhang F, Tao K, Wang L, Wen H, Teng Z. Multi-frequency simultaneous measurement of bioimpedance spectroscopy based on a low crest factor multisine excitation. Physiol Meas. 2015;36(3):489-501.
Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) is becoming a powerful diagnostic tool for a wide variety of medical applications, and the multi-frequency simultaneous (MFS) measurement of BIS can greatly reduce measurement time and record the transient physiological status of a living body compared with traditional frequency-sweep measurement technology. This paper adopts the Van der Ouderaa's multisine, which has 31 equidistant and flat amplitude spectra and a low crest factor of 1.405 as the broadband excitation, and realizes the MFS measurement of BIS by means of spectral analysis using the fast Fourier transform algorithm. The approach to implement the multisine based on a field-programmable gate array and a digital to analog converter is described in detail, and impedance measurement experiments are performed on three resistance-capitance three-element phantoms. Experimental results show a commendable accuracy with a mean relative error of 0.55% for the impedance amplitudes, and a mean absolute error of 0.20° for the impedance phases on the 31 frequencies ranging linearly from 32 to 992?kHz. This paper validates the feasibility of the MFS technology for BIS measurement based on the multisine excitation.