A new method to evaluate the positional stability of a self-drilling miniscrew.

Orthodontics & craniofacial research

PubMedID: 25704236

Chen G, Chen S, Zhang XY, Jiang RP, Liu Y, Shi FH, Xu TM. A new method to evaluate the positional stability of a self-drilling miniscrew. Orthod Craniofac Res. 2015;.
OBJECTIVES
To evaluate the positional stability of miniscrews during orthodontic treatment change in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).

SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION
Twenty adult volunteers were enrolled.

METHODS
In all participants, at least two maxillary first premolars were extracted because of protrusion. Each volunteer received six miniscrews in the maxilla, including two loaded miniscrews to retract anterior teeth and four unloaded miniscrews. CBCT scans were obtained at the beginning of space closure (T1) and approximately 11.8 months later (T2). Three-dimensional miniscrew models were constructed at T1 and T2, and the central axes were calculated using a principal component analysis (PCA) technique. Finally, we measured and compared the angle change of all the miniscrews from T1 to T2.

RESULTS
The angle change values of the unloaded and loaded miniscrews were 1.64 ± 1.25° and 1.67 ± 1.15°, respectively. No significant differences in the angle change were observed.

CONCLUSION
Cone-beam computed tomography images revealed both the unloaded and loaded miniscrews to be positionally stable during en-masse retraction in this study.