Theoretical structure of adolescent alienation: a multigroup confirmatory factor analysis.

Adolescence

PubMedID: 15053491

Lacourse E, Villeneuve M, Claes M. Theoretical structure of adolescent alienation: a multigroup confirmatory factor analysis. Adolescence. 2004;38(152):639-50.
This study examined the construct validity of adolescent alienation using second-order confirmatory factor analysis of the five dimensions conceptualized by Seeman (1959). Analysis was based on data from 275 high school students aged 14 to 18. The hypothesized multidimensionality of the construct was confirmed for both boys and girls using a second-order factor labeled alienation. Central dimensions of alienation as a latent construct were self-estrangement and powerlessness. Social isolation, meaninglessness, and especially normlessness were poorly explained by the second-order factor, suggesting that these dimensions entail enough specificity to be considered separately. A different theoretical model relating these dimensions is suggested and discussed.