Modulating effects of WT1 on interferon-ß-vitamin D association in MS.

Acta neurologica Scandinavica

PubMedID: 25312909

Lin R, Taylor BV, Charlesworth J, van der Mei I, Blizzard L, Stewart N, Ponsonby AL, Dwyer T, Pittas F, Simpson S. Modulating effects of WT1 on interferon-ß-vitamin D association in MS. Acta Neurol Scand. 2014;.
OBJECTIVE
To investigate whether those genes involved in the vitamin D pathway modulate the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and IFN-ß, the relationship between IFN-ß and sun in predicting 25(OH)D, and the interaction between IFN-ß and 25(OH)D in modulating relapse risk in patients with MS.

METHODS
Prospective cohort study of 169 participants with MS and genotype data followed 2002-2005. Gene-IFN-ß and gene-IFN-ß-sun interactions predicting 25(OH)D evaluated by multilevel mixed-effects linear regression. Gene-IFN-ß interactions with 25(OH)D in modulating in relapse risk assessed using survival analysis.

RESULTS
The cohort was 71.6% female and of mean age 47.8. Two-independent intronic genotyped SNPs (rs10767935 and rs5030244) in WT1 significantly modified the IFN-ß-25(OH)D association after adjustment (Pinteraction  = 0.001, 0.0002; Padj  = 0.003, 0.006, respectively). There was a marked difference in the interaction between self-reported sun exposure and IFN-ß in predicting 25(OH)D by level of rs10767935, although this did not reach statistical significance. No SNPs modified the interaction between IFN-ß and 25(OH)D in predicting relapse.

CONCLUSIONS
We have demonstrated that two-independent SNPs (rs10767935 and rs5030244) in WT1 modified the IFN-ß-25(OH)D association in patients with MS. Some evidence was shown for a difference in the sun-IFN-ß-25(OH)D association by level of rs10767935. These findings indicate that WT1 variants may play a role in altering the effects of IFN-ß on vitamin D in MS.