Evaluation of a community arthritis program in Australia: dissemination of a developed program.

Arthritis care and research : the official journal of the Arthritis Health Professions Association

PubMedID: 7794983

Simeoni E, Bauman A, Stenmark J, O'Brien J. Evaluation of a community arthritis program in Australia: dissemination of a developed program. Arthritis Care Res. 1995;8(2):102-7.
OBJECTIVE
To evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based arthritis education program conducted in a number of locations throughout the Sydney, Australia, metropolitan area.

METHODS
The program, based on earlier work, comprised 6 weekly sessions of 2.5 hours' duration. The study sample included 175 men and women with different types of arthritis, divided into intervention (n = 104) and control (n = 71) groups. Five outcome measures were selected to evaluate effectiveness of the program: pain perception, knowledge level, self-efficacy, disability index, and self-management behavior.

RESULTS
The results indicated that the program was effective in increasing knowledge level (F[1,222] = 10.3, P = 0.001 at 6 weeks; F[1,108] = 7.8, P = 0.006 at 6 months), and a statistically significant difference was found in disability satisfaction 6 months after intervention (F[1,98] = 5.9, P = 0.01], but no statistically significant difference was found in pain perception, self-efficacy, and disability index.

CONCLUSION
This research supports some of the successful outcomes which follow an arthritis education program: increased knowledge level and increased disability satisfaction.