Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Reduces Early Stroke in Octogenarians: A Meta-Analysis of 18,000 Patients.

The Annals of Thoracic Surgery

PubMedID: 25791924

Altarabsheh SE, Deo SV, Rababa'h AM, Lim JY, Cho YH, Sharma V, Jung SH, Shin E, Markowitz AH, Park SJ. Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Reduces Early Stroke in Octogenarians: A Meta-Analysis of 18,000 Patients. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015;.
BACKGROUND
Data comparing results of off-pump and conventional operations in octogenarians is very limited. Thus we chose to compare early adverse events between off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) and on-pump CABG (ONCABG) in patients older than 80 years.

METHODS
Systematic review of multiple databases was performed to obtain original studies fulfilling search criteria. End points-early mortality, stroke, respiratory failure, atrial fibrillation, and myocardial infarction-were compared between these cohorts. A random-effects weighted analysis was performed using the trim-fill adjustment when necessary. Results are presented as risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs); p < 0.05 is considered statistically significant.

RESULTS
Sixteen retrospective studies (9,744 ONCABG and 8,566 OPCABG patients) were included in the systematic review. OPCAGB patients received significantly fewer grafts (2.54 ± 0.16) compared with ONCABG patients (3.22 ± 0.41). Early mortality was comparable at 4.6% and 5.2% in the OPCABG and ONCABG cohorts, respectively (risk ratio [RR], 0.91; 95% CI, 0.64-1.28; p = 0.598). Stroke rates were higher in the ONCABG cohort (RR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.49- 0.87; p < 0.01). Respiratory failure was higher with ONCABG (RR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.57-0.97; p = 0.03). New-onset renal failure (p = 0.99), atrial fibrillation (p = 0.27), and myocardial infarction (p = 0.99) were comparable.

CONCLUSIONS
Coronary artery bypass in octogenarians can be performed safely with low early mortality. Although off-pump operations reduce the risk of early stroke, all other adverse events are comparable in on- and off-pump coronary artery bypass operations. Data regarding late mortality is at present limited; however, both on- and off-pump procedures appear to produce comparable survival.