Comparison of Myocardial Transmural Perfusion Gradient by Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Fractional Flow Reserve in Patients With Suspected Coronary Artery Disease.

The American journal of cardiology

PubMedID: 25796365

Pan J, Huang S, Lu Z, Li J, Wan Q, Zhang J, Gao C, Yang X, Wei M. Comparison of Myocardial Transmural Perfusion Gradient by Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Fractional Flow Reserve in Patients With Suspected Coronary Artery Disease. Am J Cardiol. 2015;.
The goal of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of transmural perfusion gradient (TPG) and transmural perfusion gradient reserve (TPGR) with 3. 0 T cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) against invasively determined fractional flow reserve (FFR) to detect coronary artery stenosis. Quantitative analysis of myocardial perfusion with CMR to diagnosis coronary artery disease (CAD) has been widely accepted. However, traditional transmural myocardial perfusion analysis with CMR neglects that endocardium is more vulnerable to ischemia than epicardium. TPG and TPGR can take the inhomogenous perfusion impairment into account and be more sensitive and specific for diagnosis of CAD. In this study, 71 patients (57 men, age 60. 1 ± 6. 4 years) with known or suspected CAD referred for invasive angiography study underwent rest and adenosine-induced stress CMR perfusion imaging scan. FFR was attempted to be measured in all major epicardial coronary arteries. FFR =0. 75 was regarded to indicate a hemodynamic significant coronary lesion. A TPG =0. 85 predicted significant CAD with sensitivity and specificity of 74. 55% and 83. 65%, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of TPGR =0. 81 were 90. 91% and 89. 94%, respectively. Area under the receiver-operating curve to detect FFR =0. 75 was 0. 86 for TPG and 0. 95 for TPGR. TPGR yielded significantly better sensitivity and specificity for diagnosis of CAD than traditional myocardial blood flow, myocardial perfusion reserve, and TPG (p <0. 0001). In conclusion, TPG and TPGR analyses with MRI are capable of detecting hemodynamic stenosis of coronary artery and superior to traditional myocardial perfusion analysis. Furthermore, TPGR appears to be superior to TPG in the diagnosis of coronary artery stenosis.