Social Support, Marital Adjustment, and Psychological Distress among Women with Primary Infertility in Pakistan.

Women & health

PubMedID: 25837531

Qadir F, Khalid A, Medhin G. Social Support, Marital Adjustment, and Psychological Distress among Women with Primary Infertility in Pakistan. Women Health. 2015;.
AIMS
This study aimed to identify prevalence rates of psychological distress among Pakistani women seeking help for primary infertility. The associations of social support, marital adjustment, and socio-demographic factors with psychological distress were also examined.

METHOD
A total of 177 women with primary infertility were interviewed from one hospital in Islamabad using a Self-Reporting Questionnaire, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and the Locke-Wallace Marital Adjustment Test. The data were collected between November, 2012 and March, 2013.

RESULTS
The prevalence of psychological distress was 37.3 percent. The results of the logistic regression suggested that marital adjustment and social support were significantly negatively associated with psychological distress in this sample. These associations were not confounded by any of the demographic variables controlled in the multivariable regression models.

CONCLUSIONS
The role of perceived social support and adjustment in marriage among women experiencing primary infertility are important factors in understanding their psychological distress. The results of this small-scale effort highlight the need for social and familial awareness to help tackle the psychological distress related to infertility. Future research needs to focus on the way the experience of infertility is conditioned by social structural realities. New ways need to be developed to take into account better the process and nature of the infertility experience.