Cavitation-Enhanced Back Projection for Acoustic Rib Detection and Attenuation Mapping.

Ultrasound in medicine & biology

PubMedID: 25843516

Ramaekers P, de Greef M, Moonen CT, Ries MG. Cavitation-Enhanced Back Projection for Acoustic Rib Detection and Attenuation Mapping. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2015;.
High-intensity focused ultrasound allows for minimally invasive, highly localized cancer therapies that can complement surgical procedures or chemotherapy. For high-intensity focused ultrasound interventions in the upper abdomen, the thoracic cage obstructs and aberrates the ultrasonic beam, causing undesired heating of healthy tissue. When a phased array therapeutic transducer is used, such complications can be minimized by applying an apodization law based on analysis of beam path obstructions. In this work, a rib detection method based on cavitation-enhanced ultrasonic reflections is introduced and validated on a porcine tissue sample containing ribs. Apodization laws obtained for different transducer positions were approximately 90% similar to those obtained using image analysis. Additionally, the proposed method provides information on attenuation between transducer elements and the focus. This principle was confirmed experimentally on a polymer phantom. The proposed methods could, in principle, be implemented in real time for determination of the optimal shot position in intercostal high-intensity focused ultrasound therapy.