Atypical aHUS: State of the art.

Molecular immunology

PubMedID: 25843230

Nester CM, Barbour T, de Cordoba SR, Dragon-Durey MA, Fremeaux-Bacchi V, Goodship TH, Kavanagh D, Noris M, Pickering M, Sanchez-Corral P, Skerka C, Zipfel P, Smith RJ. Atypical aHUS: State of the art. Mol Immunol. 2015;.
Tremendous advances in our understanding of the thrombotic microangiopathies (TMAs) have revealed distinct disease mechanisms within this heterogeneous group of diseases. As a direct result of this knowledge, both children and adults with complement-mediated TMA now enjoy higher expectations for long-term health. In this update on atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome, we review the clinical characteristics; the genetic and acquired drivers of disease; the broad spectrum of environmental triggers; and current diagnosis and treatment options. Many questions remain to be addressed if additional improvements in patient care and outcome are to be achieved in the coming decade.