Complete myocardial revascularization confers a larger clinical benefit when performed with state-of-the-art techniques in high-risk patients with multivessel coronary artery disease: A meta-analysis of randomized and observational studies.

Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions

PubMedID: 25846673

Zimarino M, Ricci F, Romanello M, Di Nicola M, Corazzini A, De Caterina R. Complete myocardial revascularization confers a larger clinical benefit when performed with state-of-the-art techniques in high-risk patients with multivessel coronary artery disease: A meta-analysis of randomized and observational studies. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2015;.
OBJECTIVES
To test whether a strategy of complete revascularization (CR) as compared with incomplete myocardial revascularization (IR)-both performed with current "state-of-the-art" percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)-would provide a clinical benefit in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (MVCAD).

BACKGROUND
The "optimal" extent of myocardial revascularization remains to be determined.

METHODS
We performed a meta-analysis of studies reporting on clinical outcomes of MVCAD patients treated with CR and IR, with extensive (>80%) use of stents for PCI or arterial conduits in CABG. Relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for all-cause mortality were assessed as primary endpoint, myocardial infarction (MI) and repeat revascularization as secondary endpoints.

RESULTS
A total of 28 studies were identified, including 83,695 patients with 4.7?±?4.3 years of follow-up. Compared with IR, CR was associated with reduced mortality (RR: 0.73; 95% CI 0.66-0.81) both after CABG (RR: 0.76; 95% CI 0.63-0.90) and PCI (RR: 0.73; 95% CI 0.64-0.82). The risks of MI (RR: 0.74; 95% CI 0.64-0.85) and repeat revascularization (RR: 0.77; 95% CI 0.66-0.88) were also lower after CR as compared with IR. Metaregression showed a significant RR reduction of MI associated with more recent publication (P?=?0.021) and increasing prevalence of diabetes (P?=?0.033).

CONCLUSIONS
In MVCAD, as compared with IR, CR confers a clinical benefit that seems larger in cohorts of patients enrolled in more recent studies and with a higher prevalence of diabetes. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.