[A case of impossible ventilation after induction of anesthesia in a patient with massive nasal bleeding].

Masui. The Japanese journal of anesthesiology

PubMedID: 25868210

Ohchi F, Komasawa N, Kadono N, Minami T. [A case of impossible ventilation after induction of anesthesia in a patient with massive nasal bleeding]. Masui. 2015;64(1):92-4.
We report a case of impossible ventilation in a patient with severe nasal bleeding. A 47-year-old man with intractable nasal bleeding was scheduled for emergent hemostasis under general anesthesia. He also had alcohol-related cirrhosis and was highly obese (165 cm, 93 kg). Although he sufficiently fasted and did not experience nausea in the supine position, we planned crash intubation in the head-elevated position with the Pentax-AWS Airwayscope (AWS) in order to avoid vomiting after induction of anesthesia. After fentanyl, propofol, and rocuronium administration, the patient vomited a large amount of blood, which led to a deterioration of SpO2. Mask ventilatidn was impossible even after oral suctioning. We intubated the trachea with the Macintosh laryngoscope and suctioned blood from the trachea; SpO2 gradually improved and the trachea was washed with a large amount of normal saline. The patient was transferred to the intensive care unit and extubated uneventfully on day 3 postoperatively.