Regioselective synthesis and ab initio calculations of fused heterocycles thermally and under microwave irradiation.

Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy

PubMedID: 25879987

Salem ME, Ahmed AA, Shaaban MR, Shibl MF, Farag AM. Regioselective synthesis and ab initio calculations of fused heterocycles thermally and under microwave irradiation. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2015;148175-183.
Pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine, triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine, and pyrimido[1,2-a]benzimidazole, pyrido[1,2-a]benzimidazole ring systems incorporating phenylsulfonyl moiety were synthesized via the reaction of 3-(N,N-dimethylamino)-1-(thiophen-2-yl)-2-(phenylsulfonyl)prop-2-en-1-one derivatives with the appropriate aminoazoles as 1,3-binucleophiles and 1H-benzimidazol-2-ylacetonitrile using conventional methods as well as microwave irradiation. The regioselectivity of the cyclocondensation reactions was confirmed both experimentally by alternative synthesis of reaction products and theoretically using ab initio quantum chemical calculations namely the Density Functional Theory (DFT). The theoretical work was carried out using the Becke, three parameter, Lee-Yang-Parr hybrid functional (B3LYP) combined with the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. It was found that the final cyclocondensation reaction product depends mainly on the initial addition to the activated double bond by the nitrogen atom of the 1,3-binucleophiles that has the higher electron density.