Co-morbidities associated with molar-incisor hypomineralisation in 8 to 16 year old pupils in Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

BMC oral health

PubMedID: 25887347

Oyedele TA, Folayan MO, Adekoya-Sofowora CA, Oziegbe EO. Co-morbidities associated with molar-incisor hypomineralisation in 8 to 16 year old pupils in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. BMC Oral Health. 2015;15(1):37.
BACKGROUND
This study aimed to identify the prevalence of oral co-morbidities in 8 to 16 years old children with Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) and compare this with the prevalence of same oral lesions in children without MIH.

METHOD
Study participants were selected through a multi-staged sampling technique. The children were asked if they had dentine hypersensitivity or any concerns about their aesthetics. Children were examined for MIH, caries, traumatic dental injury and their oral hygiene status. The association between MIH and each of the independent variables was determined.

RESULTS
Only children with MIH had aesthetic related concerns and dentine hypersensitivity. The differences in the oral hygiene status (p?
CONCLUSION
Children with MIH had more oral pathologies than children without MIH. These co-morbidities (dentine hypersensitivity, aesthetic concerns, caries and oral hygiene) are capable of impacting negatively on the quality of life of the children. Screening for children with MIH may help facilitate prompt access to treatment.