Effects of oral, intraperitoneal and intrajugular rehydrations on water retention, rumen volume, kidney function and thirst satiation in goats.

Comparative biochemistry and physiology. A, Comparative physiology

PubMedID: 1673892

Silanikove N. Effects of oral, intraperitoneal and intrajugular rehydrations on water retention, rumen volume, kidney function and thirst satiation in goats. Comp Biochem Physiol A Comp Physiol. 1991;98(2):253-8.
1. In order to test the hypothesis that peripheral receptors are involved in the control of fluid re-distribution following acute dehydration and rapid rehydration, peripheral rehydrations (oral or intraperitoneal) were compared with central (intrajugular) rehydration. 2. The experiments were carried out with four goats dehydrated to about 20% of their initial mass. 3. Following peripheral rehydration, a higher proportion of water was retained in comparison with central rehydration, and this was related to a more effective kidney retention mechanism, i. e. lower GFR and higher tubular reabsorption. 4. Higher proportions of water were retained in the rumen in the peripheral rehydrations in comparison with the central one apparently due to increased saliva secretion. 5. Thirst saturation was more effective with the peripheral rehydration in comparison with the central one and was related to the amount retained in the rumen and to peripheral blood expansion (or dilution).