The changes of lipid metabolism in advanced renal cell carcinoma patients treated with everolimus: a new pharmacodynamic marker?

PloS one

PubMedID: 25885920

Pantano F, Santoni M, Procopio G, Rizzo M, Iacovelli R, Porta C, Conti A, Lugini A, Milella M, Galli L, Ortega C, Guida FM, Silletta M, Schinzari G, Verzoni E, Modica D, Crucitti P, Rauco A, Felici A, Ballatore V, Cascinu S, Tonini G, Carteni G, Russo A, Santini D. The changes of lipid metabolism in advanced renal cell carcinoma patients treated with everolimus: a new pharmacodynamic marker?. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(4):e0120427.
BACKGROUND
Everolimus is a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor approved for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). We aimed to assess the association between the baseline values and treatmentrelated modifications of total serum cholesterol (C), triglycerides (T), body mass index (BMI), fasting blood glucose level (FBG) and blood pressure (BP) levels and the outcome of patients treated with everolimus for mRCC.

METHODS
177 patients were included in this retrospective analysis. Time to progression (TTP), clinical benefit (CB) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated.

RESULTS
Basal BMI was significantly higher in patients who experienced a CB (p=0,0145). C,T and C+T raises were significantly associated with baseline BMI (p=0.0412, 0.0283 and 0.0001). Median TTP was significantly longer in patients with T raise compared to patients without T (10 vs 6, p=0.030), C (8 vs 5, p=0.042) and C+T raise (10.9 vs 5.0, p=0.003). At the multivariate analysis, only C+T increase was associated with improved TTP (p=0.005). T raise (21.0 vs 14.0, p=0.002) and C+T increase (21.0 vs 14.0, p=0.006) were correlated with improved OS but were not significant at multivariate analysis.

CONCLUSION
C+T raise is an early predictor for everolimus efficacy for patients with mRCC.