Composition and chemical variability of Corsican Pinus halepensis cone oil.

Natural product communications

PubMedID: 25918812

Nam AM, Casanova J, Tomi F, Bighelli A. Composition and chemical variability of Corsican Pinus halepensis cone oil. Nat Prod Commun. 2014;9(9):1361-4.
The composition of the essential oil isolated from cones of Pinus halepensis grown in Corsica has been investigated by a combination of chromatographic (CC, GC) and spectroscopic (MS, 13C NMR) techniques. In total, 48 compounds that accounted for 95. 5% of the whole composition have been identified. a-Pinene (47. 5%) was the major component followed by myrcene (11. 0%), (E)-ß-caryophyllene (8. 3%) and caryophyllene oxide (5. 9%). Various diterpenes have been identified by 13C NMR in the fractions of CC. Fifteen oil samples isolated from cones harvested in three forests have been analyzed and two groups of similar importance have been differentiated within the 15 compositions. Oil samples of the first group contained a-pinene (mean 45. 0 g/100 g, SD = 5. 5) as the major component. The composition of samples of the second group was dominated by myrcene (mean 30. 3 g/100g, SD = 9. 0) and a-pinene (mean 24. 6 g/100 g, SD = 3. 1).