RNAi-mediated downregulation of CDKL1 inhibits growth and colony-formation ability, promotes apoptosis of human melanoma cells.

Journal of dermatological science

PubMedID: 25920913

Song Z, Lin J, Sun Z, Ni J, Sha Y. RNAi-mediated downregulation of CDKL1 inhibits growth and colony-formation ability, promotes apoptosis of human melanoma cells. J Dermatol Sci. 2015;.
BACKGROUND
Cyclin-dependent kinase-like 1 (CDKL1) is a member of cell division control protein 2 (CDC-2)-related serine threonine protein kinase family, and is reported to be overexpressed in malignant tumors such as breast cancer and gastric cancer.

OBJECTIVE
This study aimed to evaluate the whether CDKL1 can serve as a potential molecular target for melanoma gene therapy.

METHODS
CDKL1 expression in two melanoma cell lines, A375 and MV3 was measured by real-time PCR. To investigate the role of CDKL1 in cell growth of melanoma, we constructed CDKL1-siRNA expressing lentivirus and infected A375 and MV3 cells. The effects of RNAi-mediated CDKL1 downregulation on A375 and MV3 cell proliferation and colony-formation ability were detected by methylthiazoletetrazolium (MTT) assay and colony-formation assay. The effects of CDKL1 downregulation on A375 and MV3 cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed by FACS analysis.

RESULTS
Human melanoma cell lines A375 and MV3 expressed CDKL1 mRNA. Knockdown of CDKL1 in A375 and MV3 by CDKL1-siRNA lentivirus infection significantly inhibited cell growth and colony formation ability, promoted cell apoptosis, and arrested cells in G1 phase.

CONCLUSION
CDKL1 is associated with melanoma cell growth, colony formation, apoptosis, and cell cycle regulation. It may be considered as a valuable target for anti-melanoma therapeutic strategies.