Versatile properties of an exopolysaccharide R-PS18 produced by Rhizobium sp. PRIM-18.

Carbohydrate polymers

PubMedID: 25933542

Priyanka P, Arun AB, Ashwini P, Rekha PD. Versatile properties of an exopolysaccharide R-PS18 produced by Rhizobium sp. PRIM-18. Carbohydr Polym. 2015;126215-21.
Exopolysaccharides (EPS) produced by bacteria have attracted scientific and industrial attention due to their multifunctional properties and relatively easier production. In this study, an EPS viz. , R-PS18 produced by Rhizobium sp. PRIM-18 was characterized and its functional properties were assessed. Cell proliferative and in vitro wound healing activities of the EPS were established using human dermal fibroblast (HDF) cells. The isolate produced 2. 1gL(-1) purified EPS (molecular weight 9. 33×10(6)Da) comprising of glucose, galactose, and mannose (6. 1:1. 8:1). Viscosity of 0. 25% solution was 23. 4mPas (shear rate 75s(-1)) and it showed pseudoplastic and thixotropic behavior. High emulsification, iron chelation, and superoxide scavenging abilities were also observed. Significant increase in HDF cell proliferation and wound healing in vitro was achieved by R-PS18 treatment. Sulfation of R-PS18 significantly enhanced the cell proliferative and wound healing activities. In conclusion, these findings indicate potential applications of R-PS18.