Association between meal intake behaviour and abdominal obesity in Spanish adults.

Appetite

PubMedID: 25953598

Keller K, López SR, Moreno MM. Association between meal intake behaviour and abdominal obesity in Spanish adults. Appetite. 2015;.
The study aims to evaluate the association between abdominal obesity with meal intake behaviour such as having a forenoon meal, having an afternoon meal and snacking. This cross-sectional study includes n?=?1314 participants aged 20-79 who were interviewed during the Cardiac health "Semanas del Corazon" events in four Spanish cities (Madrid, Las Palmas, Seville and Valencia) in 2008. Waist circumference, weight and height were assessed to determine abdominal obesity (waist circumference:?=88?cm in women and =102?cm in men) and BMI, respectively. The intake of forenoon and afternoon meal and snacking between the participants' regular meals were assessed with a questionnaire that also included individual risk factors. The information obtained about diet was required to calculate an Unhealthy Habit Score and a score reflecting the Achievement of Dietary Guidelines. Adjusted logistic regressions were used to examine the association between abdominal obesity and the mentioned meal intake behaviour controlling for sex, age, individual risk factors, BMI and diet. Having an afternoon meal (OR 0. 60; 95% CI (0. 41-0. 88)) was negatively associated with abdominal obesity after adjusting for all confounders, whereas the positive association of snacking (OR 1. 39; 95% CI (1. 05-1. 85)) was not independent of BMI (OR 1. 25; 95% CI (0. 84-1. 87)). Taking a forenoon meal did not show any associations (OR 0. 92; 95% CI (0. 63-1. 34)) with abdominal obesity. THE RESULTS
obtained could be helpful in the promotion of healthy habits in nutritional education programmes and also in health programmes preventing abdominal obesity.