[Treatment of acute iatrogenic cystitis secondary to bladder chemo-immuno-instillation or pelvic radiotherapy].

Urologia

PubMedID: 20931548

Sommariva ML, Sandri SD, Guerrer CS. [Treatment of acute iatrogenic cystitis secondary to bladder chemo-immuno-instillation or pelvic radiotherapy]. Urologia. 2010;77(3):187-92.
The onset of cystitis during intravesical chemo-immunotherapy for the treatment of non-muscle invasive transitional cell bladder tumor, or after pelvic radiotherapy mainly for prostate cancer, is a frequent clinical situation, not easily manageable due to the lack of responsiveness to symptomatic drugs, often resulting in discontinuation of cancer treatment in many cases.?The similarity of symptoms with those of the painful bladder syndrome, otherwise called interstitial cystitis, has led us to use the same treatment with intravesical sodium hyaluronate in order to obtain an improvement of symptomatology. We therefore performed a prospective study on 55 consecutive male symptomatic patients, aged from 54 to 81 years: 11 after radiotherapy, 17 after BCG and 27 after Mitomicyn C bladder instillations ,12 of whom in combination with bladder hyperthermia.?All subjects underwent bladder instillations with sodium hyaluronate 40 mg in 50 mL weekly for 8 to 24 weeks depending on the time needed to the resolution of the symptoms.?During the first 4 weeks 32 mg of dexamethasone were also instilled intravesically, mixed with hyaluronate, in order to obtain a stronger anti-inflammatory activity due also to its higher capacity of penetration in the bladder mucosa. The symptoms intensity was evaluated through a Visual Analogue Score (VAS) of the discomfort and pain perceived from 0 to 10, and bladder capacity was recorded with micturition diary before and after the treatment.?After 16 weeks VAS improved in every case of chemical cystitis from an initial mean value of 8.6 to a final mean value of 1(with 3 as a maximum value recorded). The difference was highly significant (p <0.001). Bladder capacity increased in all cases of chemical cystitis from a mean value of 56 to 276 mL with a highly significant improvement (p <0.001) and in all cases of post-actinic cystitis from a mean bladder capacity of 89 to a final mean value of 239 mL, with a significant improvement (p= 0.05). We did not observe any side effect due to our treatment. Therefore, we can conclude that bladder instillation with sodium hyaluronate for at least 8 weeks and dexamethasone in the first 4 weeks can solve the symptoms of iatrogenic cystitis secondary to chemo-immunotherapy or pelvic radiotherapy, without incurring in side effects. To our knowledge this treatment has never been published before in scientific medical literature.