Management of urinary tract infection in solid organ transplant recipients: Consensus statement of the Group for the Study of Infection in Transplant Recipients (GESITRA) of the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (SEIMC) and the Spanish Network for Research in Infectious Diseases (REIPI).

Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

PubMedID: 25976754

Vidal E, Cervera C, Cordero E, Armiñanzas C, Carratalá J, Cisneros JM, Fariñas MC, López-Medrano F, Moreno A, Muñoz P, Origüen J, Sabé N, Valerio M, Torre-Cisneros J, Study Group of Infection in Transplant Recipients (GESITRA) of the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases, Clinical Microbiology (SEIMC), Spanish Network for Research in Infectious Diseases (REIPI). Management of urinary tract infection in solid organ transplant recipients: Consensus statement of the Group for the Study of Infection in Transplant Recipients (GESITRA) of the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (SEIMC) and the Spanish Network for Research in Infectious Diseases (REIPI). Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2015;.
BACKGROUND
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common infections in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients.

METHODS
Experienced SOT researchers and clinicians have developed and implemented this consensus document in support of the optimal management of these patients. A systematic review was conducted, and evidence levels based on the available literature are given for each recommendation. This article was written in accordance with international recommendations on consensus statements and the recommendations of the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II (AGREE II).

RESULTS
Recommendations are provided on the management of asymptomatic bacteriuria, and prophylaxis and treatment of UTI in SOT recipients. The diagnostic-therapeutic management of recurrent UTI and the role of infection in kidney graft rejection or dysfunction are reviewed. Finally, recommendations on antimicrobials and immunosuppressant interactions are also included.

CONCLUSIONS
The latest scientific information on UTI in SOT is incorporated in this consensus document.