Vascular occlusion in hepatic resections in cirrhotic rat livers: an experimental study in rats.

Liver transplantation and surgery : official publication of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society

PubMedID: 9404963

Figueras J, Farran L, Benasco C, Ribas Y, Ramos E, Borobia FG, Fradera R, CastellvĂ­ J, Lama C, Jaurrieta E. Vascular occlusion in hepatic resections in cirrhotic rat livers: an experimental study in rats. Liver Transpl Surg. 1997;3(6):617-23.
THE AIM
of this study was to evaluate the tolerance of normothermic liver ischemia with different degrees of hepatic function in cirrhotic rats.Liver cirrhosis was induced by administering carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in water solution to male Wistar rats. Hepatic function was graded using the plasma levels of antithrombin III, albumin, and bilirubin and the presence of ascites. Rats were distributed in four groups: noncirrhotic (control group), compensated cirrhosis (group A), decompensated cirrhosis (group B), and decompensated cirrhosis with ascites (group C). Groups A, B, and C were significantly different in all four parameters studied (P <. 003). Subtotal liver ischemia was performed for periods of 0, 30, 45, 60, and 75 minutes. At the end of the procedure, the nonischemic lobes were resected. Postoperative evolution of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and bilirubin levels was also recorded. Survival rates after the same periods of ischemia were statistically different (P <. 05): control group, 7 of 7 after 45 minutes (100%), 7 of 7 after 60 minutes (100%), and 4 of 9 after 75 minutes (44%); group A, 7 of 7 after 45 minutes (100%) and 1 of 7 after 60 minutes (14%); group B, 7 of 7 after 0 minutes (100%), 5 of 7 after 30 minutes (71%), and 1 of 7 after 45 minutes (14%); and group C, 0 of 5 after 0 minutes (0%) and 1 of 7 after 30 minutes (14%). No differences were found in the postoperative course of transaminases. However, bilirubin levels found 24 hours and 7 days after ischemia were significantly greater in cirrhotic rats, and this was directly related to the degree of hepatic insufficiency (P <. 001). Histological examination of the livers exposed to CCl4 showed features of liver cirrhosis with ductal proliferation. The ischemia time tolerated by cirrhotic rat livers is shorter than the time tolerated by normal rats. Tolerance to hilar vascular occlusion depends on the degree of hepatic insufficiency. Rats with decompensated cirrhosis and ascites do not tolerate any surgical procedure.