Plasma constituents other than low-density lipoprotein adsorbed by dextran-sulfate column.

Therapeutic apheresis : official journal of the International Society for Apheresis and the Japanese Society for Apheresis

PubMedID: 10225721

Kojima S, Harada-Shiba M, Yamamoto A. Plasma constituents other than low-density lipoprotein adsorbed by dextran-sulfate column. Ther Apher. 1997;1(4):309-13.
The dextran-sulfate cellulose (DSC) column used for low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis adsorbs plasma constituents other than LDL that have the following characteristics: proteins containing apolipoprotein B, proteins involved in the initial contact phase of the intrinsic coagulation pathway (coagulation factor XII, high molecular weight kininogen and prekallikrein), factors with lipophilic characteristics (coagulation factor VII, VIII, and vitamin E), and proteins with adhesive or other characters (von Willebrand factor, fibronectin, and serum amyloid P components). Adsorption of these proteins seems to serve in the prevention or regression of atherosclerosis. Moreover, plasma treatment by the DSC column may be useful for treatment of such inexorable diseases as amyloidosis. On the other hand, the column generates bradykinin by activation of the initial contact phase of the intrinsic coagulation pathway. Bradykinin generation may explain hypotension during LDL apheresis observed in patients taking angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.