The antioxidant role of paraoxonase 1 and vitamin E in three autoimmune diseases.

Skin pharmacology and physiology

PubMedID: 22986950

Ramadan R, Tawdy A, Abdel Hay R, Rashed L, Tawfik D. The antioxidant role of paraoxonase 1 and vitamin E in three autoimmune diseases. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2013;26(1):2-7.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
To investigate the role of paraoxonase 1 (PON1) and vitamin E in the pathogenesis of some autoimmune diseases, and to correlate their levels with the disease activity.

PROCEDURES
This randomized case control study was performed on 60 subjects: 45 patients [suffering from psoriasis, vitiligo and alopecia areata (AA) 15 patients each group] and 15 healthy controls. Venous blood and tissue biopsy were collected from each subject to estimate the levels of vitamin E and PON1.

RESULTS
All patients showed significantly lower levels of both PON1 and vitamin E in tissue and serum than the controls (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION
An association between oxidative stress and pathogenesis of these autoimmune diseases is identified. Attenuation of oxidative stress might be a relevant therapeutic approach and it would be useful to recommend additional drugs with antioxidant effects in the treatment of these conditions.