Two new variants of the lipocalin allergen Bos d 2.

Journal of chromatography. B, Biomedical sciences and applications

PubMedID: 11710588

Rautiainen J, Auriola S, KONTTINEN A, Virtanen T, Rytkönen-Nissinen M, Zeiler T, Mäntyjärvi R. Two new variants of the lipocalin allergen Bos d 2. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 2001;763(1-2):91-8.
Allergens from various sources have been shown to comprise several isoforms. In the present study, a series of chromatographic steps was carried out to separate the lipocalin allergen Bos d 2 isoforms present in cow dander. Subsequent HPLC-MS-MS analyses revealed two new Bos d 2 variants. In one of the proteins, tyrosine (Y83) was substituted by aspartic acid, and in the other protein valine (V102) was replaced by alanine. We propose the three Bos d 2 variants be named as Bos d 2. 0101 (previously sequenced Bos d 2), Bos d 2. 0102 and Bos d 2. 0103. Our results suggest that molecular polymorphism is a common property among lipocalin allergens. Since allergen isoforms may show variation in their IgE binding and/or T-cell reactivity, all of the many allergen forms should be taken into account when planning preparations for immunotherapy.