Expression of the membrane-cytoskeletal linker Ezrin in salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma.

Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics

PubMedID: 21550270

Wang YY, Chen WL, Huang ZQ, Yang ZH, Zhang B, Wang JG, Li HG, Li JS. Expression of the membrane-cytoskeletal linker Ezrin in salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2011;112(1):96-104.
OBJECTIVE
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between membrane cytoskeleton linker protein Ezrin and CD44v6, iNOS, Ki-67, and clinicopathologic characteristics, and the prognostic significance of Ezrin expression in salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC).

STUDY DESIGN
Immunohistochemistry and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction were used to quantify the expression of Ezrin, CD44v6, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and Ki-67 in 75 primary SACCs, 25 tumor-free salivary tissues, and 2 SACC cell lines (ACC-M and ACC-2). Survival analysis was performed to find the prognostic significance of Ezrin expression.

RESULTS
Expressions of Ezrin, CD44v6, iNOS, and Ki-67 in SACC tissues, especially with distant metastasis, were significantly higher than in tumor-free tissues. Ezrin mRNA and protein levels in ACC-M cells were significantly higher than in ACC-2 cells. Ezrin, CD44v6, iNOS, and Ki-67 expressions were significantly higher in solid pattern than in cribriform and tubular patterns. Ezrin and its partners, CD44v6, iNOS, and Ki-67, were significantly related to tumor size, clinical stage, perineural and vascular invasion, and recurrence. Furthermore, Ezrin had an independent prognostic effect on overall survival.

CONCLUSIONS
The increased expression of Ezrin and its partners, CD44v6, iNOS, and Ki-67, in SACC correlated with histologic patterns, may play a role in distant metastasis, and might indicate poor clinical outcome.