Immunomodulatory nanoparticles from elastin-like recombinamers: single-molecules for tuberculosis vaccine development.

Molecular pharmaceutics

PubMedID: 23301613

García-Arévalo C, Bermejo-Martín JF, Rico L, Iglesias V, Martín L, Rodríguez-Cabello JC, Arias FJ. Immunomodulatory nanoparticles from elastin-like recombinamers: single-molecules for tuberculosis vaccine development. Mol Pharm. 2013;10(2):586-97.
This study investigates both the physicochemical properties and immunogenicity of a genetically engineered elastin-like block corecombinamer (ELbcR) containing a major membrane protein sequence from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The recombinant production of this ELbcR allows the production of large quantities of safe, antigenic particle-based constructs that directly and reversibly self-assemble into highly biocompatible, multivalent, monodisperse, and stable nanovesicles with a diameter of 55 nm from the same gene product using a highly efficient and cost-effective inverse transition cycling (ITC) procedure. The compositional complexity of these vesicles is retained after secondary processes such as endotoxin removal, sterilization, and lyophilization. An initial pro-chemotactic cytokine response (IL-1ß) followed by a pro-Th2/IL-5 response was observed in mice plasma following subcutaneous administration of the antigen-loaded nanovesicles in mice. This biphasic model of cytokine production was coupled with humoral isotype switching from IgM- to IgG-specific antibodies against the antigen, which was only observed in the presence of both the antigen and the polymer in the same construct and in the absence of additional adjuvants.