Activation of neutrophils by the two-component leukotoxin LukE/D from Staphylococcus aureus: proteomic analysis of the secretions.

Journal of proteome research

PubMedID: 23834436

Aslam R, Laventie BJ, Marban C, Prévost G, Keller D, Strub JM, Dorsselaer AV, Haikel Y, Taddei C, Metz-Boutigue MH. Activation of neutrophils by the two-component leukotoxin LukE/D from Staphylococcus aureus: proteomic analysis of the secretions. J Proteome Res. 2013;12(8):3667-78.
Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for severe bacterial infections in hospitals and healthcare facilities. It produces single and bicomponent toxins (leukotoxins and hemolysins) that hinder innate immune function. Leukotoxin subunits bind to leukocyte cell membrane thus inducing transmembrane pores and subsequently, cell lysis. Leukotoxin LukE/D is a member of the bicomponent toxin family, but to date, no study concerning its involvement in host-pathogen interactions has been reported. In the present study, we performed the proteomic analysis of the secretions recovered after activation of human neutrophils by leukotoxin LukE/D. The neutrophil secretions were purified by RP-HPLC and different fractions were analyzed by Edman sequencing, LC-MS/MS, immunoblotted for chromogranin-derived peptides and further analyzed for antimicrobial properties. Proteomic analysis revealed that neutrophil secretions constitute a large number of proteins related with immune boosting mechanisms, proteolytic degradation, inflammatory process and antioxidant reactions.