Insulin resistance in clinical and experimental alcoholic liver disease.

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

PubMedID: 25998863

Carr RM, Correnti J. Insulin resistance in clinical and experimental alcoholic liver disease. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2015;.
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is the number one cause of liver failure worldwide; its management costs billions of healthcare dollars annually. Since the advent of the obesity epidemic, insulin resistance (IR) and diabetes have become common clinical findings in patients with ALD; and the development of IR predicts the progression from simple steatosis to cirrhosis in ALD patients. Both clinical and experimental data implicate the impairment of several mediators of insulin signaling in ALD, and experimental data suggest that insulin-sensitizing therapies improve liver histology. This review explores the contribution of impaired insulin signaling in ALD and summarizes the current understanding of the synergistic relationship between alcohol and nutrient excess in promoting hepatic inflammation and disease.